History of hyperthyroidism and long-term outcome of catheter ablation of drug-refractory atrial fibrillation

Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Yenn Jiang Lin*, Shih Lin Chang, Li Wei Lo, Yu Feng Hu, Fa Po Chung, Eric Chong, Tze Fan Chao, Ta Chuan Tuan, Yao Ting Chang, Chin Yu Lin, Jo Nan Liao, Yi Chun Lin, Yun Yu Chen, Shih Ann Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background Hyperthyroidism is a known reversible cause of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, some patients remain in AF despite restoration of euthyroid status. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the electrophysiologic characteristics and long-term ablation outcome in AF patients with and without history of hyperthyroidism. Methods The study enrolled 717 consecutive patients with AF who underwent first AF ablation, which involved pulmonary vein (PV) isolation in paroxysmal AF and additional substrate modification in nonparoxysmal AF patients. Eighty-four patients (12%) with hyperthyroidism history were compared to those without. Euthyroid status was achieved for ≥3 months before ablation in hyperthyroid patients. Results Patients with hyperthyroid history were associated with older age, more female gender, lower mean right atrial voltage, higher number of PV ectopic foci (1.3 ± 0.4 vs 1.0 ± 0.2, P <.01), and higher prevalence of non-PV foci (42% vs 23%, P <.01). Ectopic foci from ligament of Marshall were demonstrated more often in hyperthyroid patients (7.1% vs 1.6%, P <.01) in whom alcohol ablations were required. After propensity score matching for potential covariates, history of hyperthyroidism was an independent predictor of AF recurrence after single procedure (hazard ratio 2.07, 95% confidence interval 1.27-3.38). AF recurrence rates after multiple procedures were not different between patients with and those without hyperthyroid history. Conclusion Patients with hyperthyroid history had a significantly higher number of PV ectopies and higher prevalence of non-PV ectopic foci compared to euthyroid patients, which resulted in a higher AF recurrence rate after a single procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1956-1962
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015


  • Ablation
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Ligament of Marshall
  • Pulmonary vein isolation


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