Highly efficient double-doped solid-state white light-emitting electrochemical cells

Hai-Ching Su*, Hsiao Fan Chen, Yu Chun Shen, Chih Teng Liao, Ken Tsung Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


We report highly efficient, solid-state, white light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) based on a double-doped strategy, which judiciously introduces an orange-emitting guest, [Ir(ppy) 2 (dasb)] + (PF 6 - ), into a single-doped emissive layer comprised of an efficient blue-green emitting host, [Ir(dfppz) 2 (dtb-bpy)] + (PF 6 - ), and a red-emitting guest, [Ir(ppy) 2 (biq)] + (PF 6 - ), to improve the balance of carrier mobilities and, thus, to enhance the device efficiency. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements show that the single-doped (red guest) and the double-doped (red and orange guests) host-guest films exhibit similar white PL spectra and comparable photoluminescence quantum yields, while the device efficiencies of the double-doped white LECs are twofold higher than those of the single-doped white LECs. Therefore, such enhancement of the device efficiency is rationally attributed to the improved balance of carrier mobilities of the double-doped emissive layer. Peak external quantum efficiency and peak power efficiency of the double-doped white LECs reached 7.4% and 15 lm W -1 , respectively. These efficiencies are amongst the highest reported for solid-state white LECs and, thus, confirm that the double-doping strategy is useful for achieving highly efficient white LECs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9653-9660
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - 14 Jul 2011


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