High-Performance TiN/Al2O3/ZnO/Al2O3/TiN Flexible RRAM Device with High Bending Condition

Dayanand Kumar, Umesh Chand, Lew Wen Siang*, Tseung Yuen Tseng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The bipolar resistive switching (RS) characteristics of the ZnO-based TiN/Al2O3/ZnO/Al2O3/TiN structure are investigated for flexible nonvolatile memory applications. Using a thin Al2O3 buffer layer on both sides of the ZnO device shows uniform and eminently stable bipolar resistance switching characteristics. The device exhibits good RS with more than two orders of resistance ON-OFF ratio, retention of >104 s at 120 °C, good dc endurance >104 cycles, and high ac endurance of >108 cycles with 40-ns pulsewidth without any degradation. The device shows high mechanical stability when under 104 continuous repetitive flexible bendings, indicating that high endurance with a very small bending radius of up to 3 mm. The lower Gibbs free energy of the Al2O3 (-1676 kJ/mol) film compared with the ZnO (-320.4 kJ/mol) and TiO2 (-994 kJ/mol) films can improve the RS properties of the TiN/Al2O3/ZnO/Al2O3/TiN device. The significant improvement in the TiN/Al2O3/ZnO/Al2O3/TiN device is due to the reason that thin Al2O3 layers on both sides of ZnO would help stabilize the local oxygen migrations for the formation and rupture of the conductive filament during the continuous switching cycles, resulting in high memory switching characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8957105
Pages (from-to)493-498
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • Conductive filament (CF)
  • Gibbs free energy
  • Poole-Frenkel conduction
  • resistive switching (RS)


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