Objectives: Klebsiella pneumoniae infection has been associated with alcoholic and diabetic patient populations, especially in Asian populations. K. pneumonia wound infection is common, but K. pneumonia without wound osteomyelitis (OM) is relatively rare. However, the pathogenesis of haematogenous K. pneumonia without open wound OM still unclear until now. In our research, we are trying to collect patients with haematogenous K. pneumonia osteomyelitis (K.p OM) at our hospital and to evaluate their contributing factors. Methods: We compiled a retrospective database of haematogenous K. pneumonia osteomyelitis (K.p OM) from 1990 to 2019 at our hospital. Patients’ bone cultures without K. pneumonia infection were excluded. Sixteen patients with haematogenous K.p OM were recruited. Patients’ basic information, comorbidities, wound history, the biochemical examination of the blood, bacterial blood, bone, urine, and liver abscess cultures, the location of OM, corresponding treatments, and post operation K.p wound infection history were reviewed retrospectively. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Unwounded haematogenous K.p OM had a statistically significant and positive correlation with liver insufficiency (P =.037; OR = 2.200), advanced age (≥ 65 years) (P =.037; OR = 2.200) and male gender (P =.03; OR = 1.833). DM, hypertension, steroid usage, GI or GU tract K.p infection, post operation K.p wound infection, hypoalbuminemia, and the location of K.p OM had no significant relationship to outcomes. Conclusion: Male patients of advanced age (> 65 years) and patients with liver insufficiency, including liver cirrhosis and hepatitis, have a strong correlation with unwounded haematogenous K.p OM.
- Haematogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae infection