Growth factors, kinetics and biodegradation mechanism associated with Pseudomonas nitroreducens TX1 grown on octylphenol polyethoxylates

Hsi Jien Chen, Gia Luen Guo, Dyi Hwa Tseng, Chen Li Cheng, Shir Ly Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growth properties and biodegradation mechanism of a Gram-negative bacterium, Pseudomonas nitroreducens TX1 that was able to grow on branched octylphenol polyethoxylates (OPEOn, average n=9.5) as the sole carbon source over a wide concentration range (1-100,000 mg l-1) were studied. Analysis of growth factors indicated the highest specific growth rate (μ) of 0.53 h-1 was obtained at an initial concentration of 5000 mg l-1 OPEOn. An optimal C/N ratio of 12 was obtained for (NH4)2SO4 as the nitrogen source in a cultivated medium at pH 7. The kinetic analysis demonstrated that bacterial growth and OPEOn degradation followed the Monod equation and were based on a substrate concentration inhibition model and pseudo-first-order reaction, respectively. The substrate inhibition coefficient was over 18,000 mg l-1 and this indicates that the strain has an ability to sustain growth at high concentrations of OPEOn and use it as the sole carbon source under such a stress condition. Furthermore, LC-MS analysis showed that the biodegradation mechanism of dodecyl octaethoxylate (AEO8) by P. nitroreducens TX1 was the sequential cleavage of the ethoxylate chain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-286
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Growth kinetics
  • Octylphenol polyethoxylates
  • Pseudomonas nitroreducens TX1
  • Surfactant

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