Geriatric fear of falling measure: Development and psychometric testing

Tzu Ting Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Development of the geriatric fear of falling measure (GFFM) was based on a previous qualitative study of Taiwanese community-dwelling elders. Relevant parameters or items for assessing subscales were identified and tested in a three-stage process: item development, content validity testing and reliability testing. The GFFM was tested on two groups of community-dwelling elders in Taiwan (N=100 and 384) to examine validity and reliability. Good test-retest, internal consistency and inter-rater reliability were found. Confirmatory factor analysis and good overall model fits supported construct validity of the GFFM. Although these data are preliminary, the GFFM could be used as a quick screening instrument to evaluate fear of falling and an outcome indicator of nursing interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-365
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2006


  • Fear of falling
  • Instrument development
  • Psychometric evaluation
  • Taiwanese elders


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