Generation and Analysis of the Expressed Sequence Tags from the Mycelium of Ganoderma lucidum

Yen Hua Huang, Hung Yi Wu, Keh Ming Wu, Tze Tze Liu, Ruey Fen Liou, Shih Feng Tsai, Ming Shi Shiao, Low Tone Ho, Shean Shong Tzean*, Ueng Cheng Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum) is a medicinal mushroom renowned in East Asia for its potential biological effects. To enable a systematic exploration of the genes associated with the various phenotypes of the fungus, the genome consortium of G. lucidum has carried out an expressed sequence tag (EST) sequencing project. Using a Sanger sequencing based approach, 47,285 ESTs were obtained from in vitro cultures of G. lucidum mycelium of various durations. These ESTs were further clustered and merged into 7,774 non-redundant expressed loci. The features of these expressed contigs were explored in terms of over-representation, alternative splicing, and natural antisense transcripts. Our results provide an invaluable information resource for exploring the G. lucidum transcriptome and its regulation. Many cases of the genes over-represented in fast-growing dikaryotic mycelium are closely related to growth, such as cell wall and bioactive compound synthesis. In addition, the EST-genome alignments containing putative cassette exons and retained introns were manually curated and then used to make inferences about the predominating splice-site recognition mechanism of G. lucidum. Moreover, a number of putative antisense transcripts have been pinpointed, from which we noticed that two cases are likely to reveal hitherto undiscovered biological pathways. To allow users to access the data and the initial analysis of the results of this project, a dedicated web site has been created at

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere61127
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2 May 2013


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