Generating high-order transverse patterns in optically pumped semiconductor lasers

Pi Hui Tuan, Yen Hui Hsieh, Chin Wei Tu, Chi Chun Lee, Chia-Han Tsou, Hsin Chih Liang, Kai-Feng Huang, Yung-Fu Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


High-order pattern formation in an optically pumped semiconductor laser (OPSL) under a selective pumping with varying spatial overlap between the pump beam and transverse modes is explored. In contrast to transverse pattern generation by off-axis pumped solid-state lasers where the mode order can be flexibly increased, experimental results reveal that the selective pumping fails to realize high-order mode operation in OPSLs when the pump-to-mode size ratio and pump power are insufficiently large. On the other hand, several high-order patterns belonging to the Hermite-Laguerre-Gaussian (HLG) modes are observed when scanning a large-ratio pump beam to specific positions on the gain chip. These HLG modes are experimentally confirmed to mainly originate from the transverse non-uniformity of present OPSL chip, while their structural features cannot be simply correlated with the pump scanning positions. Nevertheless, it is believed that the first-time observation of pure HLG modes under the large-ratio pumping can offer useful insights into the high-order pattern manipulation in OPSLs.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1501707
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2019


  • Laser beam characterization
  • Optical vortices
  • Semiconductor lasers
  • Vertical emitting lasers


Dive into the research topics of 'Generating high-order transverse patterns in optically pumped semiconductor lasers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this