Gastric Mobility and Gastrointestinal Hormones in Older Patients with Sarcopenia

Hsien Hao Huang, Tse Yao Wang, Shan Fan Yao, Pei Ying Lin, Julia Chia Yu Chang, Li-Ning Peng, Liang Kun Chen, David Hung Tsang Yen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Sarcopenia has serious clinical consequences and poses a major threat to older people. Gastrointestinal environmental factors are believed to be the main cause. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between sarcopenia and gastric mobility and to investigate the relationship between sarcopenia and the concentration of gastrointestinal hormones in older patients. Patients aged ≥ 75 years were recruited for this prospective study from August 2018 to February 2019 at the emergency department. The enrolled patients were tested for sarcopenia. Gastric emptying scintigraphy was conducted, and laboratory tests for cholecystokinin(CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), nesfatin, and ghrelin were performed during the fasting period. We enrolled 52 patients with mean age of 86.9 years, including 17 (32.7%) patients in the non-sarcopenia group, 17 (32.7%) patients in the pre-sarcopenia group, and 18 (34.6%) in the sarcopenia group. The mean gastric emptying half-time had no significant difference among three groups. The sarcopenia group had significantly higher fasting plasma concentrations of CCK, GLP-1, and PYY. We concluded that the older people with sarcopenia had significantly higher plasma concentrations of CCK, GLP-1, and PYY. In the elderly population, norexigenic gastrointestinal hormones might have more important relationships with sarcopenia than orexigenic gastrointestinal hormones.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1897
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 2022


  • gastric emptying
  • gastrointestinal hormones
  • older patients
  • sarcopenia


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