FSS based high gain optically transparent MIMO antenna for Sub-6 GHz 5G mid-band applications

Arpan Desai, Heng Tung Hsu*, Yi Fan Tsao, Basma M. Yousef, Ahmed A. Ibrahim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A novel optically transparent Multi Input Multi Output (MIMO) antenna design positioned on a Frequency-Selective Surface (FSS) for gain improvement while maintaining a simple fabrication procedure. Transparent conductive materials inherently exhibit higher sheet impedance due to lower conductivity, resulting in decreased antenna gain and radiation efficiency. To address this limitation, an optically transparent FSS is incorporated beneath the MIMO structure to improve radiation characteristics. Utilizing a Malinex substrate and a conductive silver oxide sheet, the 4-element MIMO design achieves both transparency and MIMO operability. The operational bandwidth spans from 3.09 GHz to 3.7 GHz, with a percentage bandwidth of 17.96 %, ensuring port isolation of over 20 dB. With the presence of the FSS, a consistent gain enhancement of approximately 3.46 dBi is achieved, with an average gain within the band reaching 4.56 dBi. The proposed design employs a simplified fabrication process while addressing aesthetic concerns and providing a solution to the existing issue of low gain in conductive metal oxide-based transparent antennas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number171829
StatePublished - Jul 2024


  • 4-port
  • AgHT
  • Antenna
  • FSS
  • High gain
  • MIMO
  • Transparent


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