Fractionated deep-inspiration breath-hold ZTE Compared with Free-breathing four-dimensional ZTE for detecting pulmonary nodules in oncological patients underwent PET/MRI

Chih Yung Chang, Tse Hao Lee, Ren Shyan Liu, Chien Ying Li, Bang Hung Yang, Wen Yi Chang, Tzu Ping Lin, Chi Wei Chang, Shan Fan Yao, Tzu Chun Wei, Chien Yuan Lin, Charng Chyi Shieh, Chia Feng Lu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The zero echo time (ZTE) technique has improved the detection of lung nodules in PET/MRI but respiratory motion remains a challenge in lung scan. We investigated the feasibility and performance of fractionated deep-inspiration breath-hold (FDIBH) three-dimensional (3D) ZTE FDG PET/MRI for assessing lung nodules in patients with proved malignancy. Sixty patients who had undergone ZTE FDG PET/MRI and chest CT within a three-day interval were retrospectively included. Lung nodules less than 2 mm were excluded for analysis. Two physicians checked the adequacy of FDIBH ZTE and compared the lung nodule detection rates of FDIBH 3D ZTE and free-breathing (FB) four-dimensional (4D) ZTE, with chest CT as the reference standard. FDIBH resolved the effect of respiratory motion in 49 patients. The mean number and size of the pulmonary nodules identified in CT were 15 ± 31.3 per patient and 5.9 ± 4.6 mm in diameter. The overall nodule detection rate was 71% for FDIBH 3D ZTE and 70% for FB 4D ZTE (p = 0.73). FDIBH 3D ZTE significantly outperformed FB 4DZTE in detecting lung base nodules (72% and 68%; p = 0.03), especially for detecting those less than 6 mm (61% and 55%; p = 0.03). High inter-rater reliability for FDIBH 3D ZTE and FB 4D ZTE (k = 0.9 and 0.92) was noted. In conclusion, the capability of FDIBH 3D ZTE in respiratory motion resolution was limited with a technical failure rate of 18%. However, it could provide full expansion of the lung in a shorter scan time which enabled better detection of nodules (< 6 mm) in basal lungs, compared to FB 4D ZTE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17636
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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