Flux pinning in thin films with ordered arrays of columnar defects

Jiunn-Yuan Lin, M. Gurvitch, S. Tolpygo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Ordered arrays of columnar defects have been fabricated by direct electron-beam writing on (Formula presented)-oriented (Formula presented) thin films. Serving as strong pinning sites, columnar defects cause a 70% enhancement of critical current density (Formula presented) at (Formula presented) K in magnetic fields parallel to the (Formula presented) axis. The matching effect of the pinning force density has been observed, due to commensurability between flux lines and arrays of columnar defects. The pinning strength of columnar defects has been compared with that of point defects, and found to be greater than the latter in YBCO films. These results suggest that this way of pinning center fabrication could be a promising tool in studies of the pinning mechanism in high-temperature superconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R12717-R12720
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996


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