Fluorescence enhancement and multiple protein detection in ZnO nanostructure microfluidic devices

Chen Hsiang Sang, Shu Jen Chou, Fu-Ming Pan, Jeng-Tzong Sheu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


In this study, different morphological ZnO nanostructures, those of sharp nanowires (NWs), rod NWs, and hexahedral-puncheon nanostructures, were grown in microfluidic channels on the same glass substrate. Characterizations of correspondent biomolecule binding properties were simulated and demonstrated. The surface was modified using 3-ammineopropyl-triethoxysilane (3-APTES) and biotin-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (NHS-biotin). Different concentrations (4.17. pM to 41.7. nM) of dye-conjugated streptavidin were simultaneously infused through the second microfluidic channels, which lie 90° from the first microfluidic channels. The florescent intensity at the crossover areas showed good agreement with simulations, with sharp ZnO NWs exhibiting the largest dynamic range and the highest fluorescent intensity. We further characterize correspondent protein detection using sharp ZnO NWs. The surfaces of these ZnO NWs were modified with mouse immunoglobulin G (IgG), infused through the second microfluidic channels with dye-conjugated (Alexa 546) anti-mouse IgG in different concentrations. Concentrations ranging from 417. fM to 41.7. nM can be resolved using sharp ZnO NWs. Finally, multiple protein detection was demonstrated using a five-by-eight microfluidic channel array. Fluorescence images present clear multiple detections at the crossover areas when using the sharp ZnO NWs for simultaneous dye-conjugated anti-mouse IgG and dye-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG (Alexa 647) detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2016


  • Fluorescence enhancement
  • Microfluidic channel
  • Multiple protein detection
  • ZnO nanostructures


Dive into the research topics of 'Fluorescence enhancement and multiple protein detection in ZnO nanostructure microfluidic devices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this