Fire plume along vertical surfaces: Effect of finite-rate chemical reactions

Chiun-Hsun Chen, J. S. T’ien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Fire plume along a vertical wall is analyzed using a laminar boundary layer model, including finite-rate, gas-phase chemical kinetics. The chemical reactions include two semiglobal steps: In the first, fuel is oxidized to form carbon monoxide and water vapor, and in the second, carbon monoxide is oxidized to form carbon dioxide. Several important nondimensional kinetic parameters are identified and a parametric study is given. The computed results indicate that by slowing down the relative kinetic rates in the gas-phase reactions, the total surface heat transfer rate and the preheating distance are decreased. Furthermore, slowing down the kinetics also increases the amount of unreacted combustibles that escape from the flame.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-720
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1984


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