Fenofibrate attenuates doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction in mice via activating the eNOS/EPC pathway

Wen Pin Huang, Wei Hsian Yin, Jia Shiong Chen, Po Hsun Huang*, Jaw-Wen Chen, Shing Jong Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) improve endothelial impairment, which in turn restores endothelial function in patients with heart failure (HF). In the present study, we tested whether fenofibrate, with its anti-inflammatory and vasoprotective effects, could improve myocardial function by activating EPCs through the eNOS pathway in a doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy mouse model. Wild-type mice were divided into 4 groups and treated with vehicle, DOX + saline, DOX + fenofibrate, and DOX + fenofibrate + L-NAME (N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester). DOX-induced cardiac atrophy, myocardial dysfunction, the number of circulating EPCs and tissue inflammation were analyzed. Mice in the DOX + fenofibrate group had more circulating EPCs than those in the DOX + saline group (2% versus 0.5% of total events, respectively) after 4 weeks of treatment with fenofibrate. In addition, the inhibition of eNOS by L-NAME in vivo further abolished the fenofibrate-induced suppression of DOX-induced cardiotoxic effects. Protein assays revealed that, after DOX treatment, the differential expression of MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase-2), MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9), TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α), and NT-pro-BNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) between saline- and DOX-treated mice was involved in the progression of HF. Mechanistically, fenofibrate promotes Akt/eNOS and VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor), which results in the activation of EPC pathways, thereby ameliorating DOX-induced cardiac toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1159
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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