Fear of falling (FF): Psychosocial and physical factors among institutionalized older Chinese men in Taiwan

Chin Liang Chu, Chih Kuang Liang, Philip C. Chow, Yu Te Lin, Kwong Yui Tang, Ming Yueh Chou, Liang Kung Chen, Ti Lu, Chih Chuan Pan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fear of falling (FF) can have multiple adverse consequences in the elderly. Although there are various fall prevention programs, little is known of FF and its associated characteristics. This study examined FF-associated physical and psychosocial factors in older Chinese men living in a veterans home in southern Taiwan. Subjects with a recent episode of delirium, of bed-ridden or wheelchair-bound status, severe hearing impairment or impaired cognition were excluded. Overall, 371 residents (mean age 82.1 ± 5.11 years, all males) participated. The prevalence of FF was 25.3%. Univariate analysis revealed that subjects in the FF group were older age, having lower education level, poorer sitting and standing balance, poorer activities of daily living (ADL), more depressive symptoms, higher chances of using walking aids, neurologic diseases, and a history of fall within the past 6 months. Logistic regression showed that depressive symptoms (odds ratio = OR = 6.73, 95%CI: 3.03-14.93, p< 0.001), activities of daily living (OR = 2.48, 95%CI: 1.08-5.71, p= 0.033), history of fall in the past 6 months (OR = 2.47, 95%CI: 1.04-5.9, p= 0.041), and neurological diseases (OR = 2.75, 95%CI: 1.15-6.56, p= 0.023) were all independent risk factors for FF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e232-e236
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Falls
  • Fear of falling
  • Minimum data set

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