Fast Simulation of Coded QAM Transmission in White Gaussian Noise at Low Packet Error Rates

You Zong Yu, David W. Lin, Tzu Hsien Sang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Today’s communication system design heavily depends on computer simulation for performance evaluation. The burgeoning ultra-reliable communication systems, however, pose a significant simulation challenge as such systems operate at very low packet error rates (PERs) whereas the required simulation time of the conventional Monte Carlo (MC) method is many times the inverse of the PER. Various importance sampling-type techniques have been developed for more efficient simulation of channel-coded transmission, but they typically rely on exploiting code weaknesses (for the generation of error-causing noise samples) and most works on soft-decision decoding only treat binary signaling. In this paper, we propose to use a function, termed the noise gauging function (NGF), that roughly measures the error-causing propensity of noise samples and we present a way to adaptively optimize the noise sampling under such a function for simulation efficiency. Both binary and nonbinary signalings are considered. And the proposed technique does not require detailed knowledge of the code weaknesses, although some high-level understanding of the code properties can benefit the design of efficient NGFs. We investigate the application of the proposed technique to several common channel codes. Numerical results indicate an approximately 10-to 1,000-fold speedup versus MC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Adaptation models
  • BCH codes
  • channel coding
  • Codes
  • convolutional codes
  • fast simulation
  • Histograms
  • importance sampling
  • Monte Carlo
  • Monte Carlo methods
  • Numerical models
  • packet error rate
  • polar codes
  • Quadrature amplitude modulation
  • Signal to noise ratio
  • ultra reliable and low latency communication (URLLC)


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