Fabrication of multilayer metamaterials by femtosecond laser-induced forward-transfer technique

Ming Lun Tseng, Pin Chieh Wu, Shulin Sun, Chia Min Chang, Wei Ting Chen, Cheng Hung Chu, Po Li Chen, Lei Zhou, Ding Wei Huang, Ta Jen Yen, Din Ping Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


A novel method based on femtosecond laser-induced forward transfer for high-throughput and efficient fabrication of periodic multilayer plasmonic metamaterials is demonstrated. With precisely controlling laser raster path applied on sputtered multilayer thin films, the laser-ablated materials can be transferred to another substrate leaving the fabricated multilayer structure on the original substrate. Subsequently, three-dimensional metamaterials can be made by multilayer structuring. Moreover, all the experimental results show that to create such multilayer split resonant rings (SRRs) with uniform profile, the laser fluence should be fine controlled under proper conditions. The optical property of fabricated multilayer SRR array is investigated by optical measurements and finite-difference time-domain simulations, showing various resonant modes in the middle-IR region. The calculated induced current distributions exhibit rich resonance properties of the structures as well. This work markedly extends the laser direct writing technique to a wide application in fabricating complicated metamaterials and plasmonic devices efficiently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-707
Number of pages6
JournalLaser and Photonics Reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • Femtosecond laser fabrication
  • Laser-induced transfer
  • Multilayer structure
  • Plasmonic metamaterials


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