Exposure of acid aerosol for schoolchildren in metropolitan Taipei

I. Fang Mao, Chih Hung Lin, Chun Ji Lin, Yi Ju Chen, Fung Chang Sung, Mei Lien Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metropolitan Taipei, which is located in the subtropical area, is characterized by high population and automobile densities. For convenience, most primary schools are located near major roads. This study explores the exposure of acid aerosols for schoolchildren in areas in Taipei with different traffic densities. Acid aerosols were collected by using a honeycomb denuder filter pack sampling system (HDS). Experimental results indicated that the air pollutants were significantly correlated with traffic densities. The ambient air NO2, SO2, HNO3, NO3-, SO42-, and aerosol acidity concentrations were 31.3 ppb, 4.7 ppb, 1.3 ppb, 1.9 μg m-3, 18.5 μg m-3, and 49.5 nmol m-3 in high traffic density areas, and 6.1 ppb, 1.8 ppb, 0.9 ppb, 0.7 μg m-3, 8.8 μg m-3 and 14.7 nmol m-3 in low traffic density areas. The exposure levels of acid aerosols for schoolchildren would be higher than the measurements because the sampling height was 5 m above the ground. The SO2 levels were low (0.13-8.03 ppb) in the metropolitan Taipei. However, the SO42- concentrations were relatively high, and might be attributed to natural emissions of sulfur-rich geothermal sources. The seasonal variations of acid aerosol concentrations were also observed. The high levels of acidic particles in spring time may be attributed to the Asian dust storm and low height of the mixture layer. We conclude that automobile contributed not only the primary pollutants but also the secondary acid aerosols through the photochemical reaction. Schoolchildren were exposed to twice the acid aerosol concentrations in high traffic density areas compared to those in low traffic density areas. The incidence of allergic rhinitis of schoolchildren in the high traffic density areas was the highest in spring time. Accompanied by high temperature variation and high levels of air pollution in spring, the health risk of schoolchildren had been observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5622-5629
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume43
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Acid aerosol
  • Photochemical reaction
  • Schoolchildren
  • Seasonal variation
  • Traffic density

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