Exploring Managers’ Opinions on Planning and Designing Adult Day Care Centers

Sheng Wen Su, Shwn Jen Lee*, Mei Wun Tsai, Hong Ji Luo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To explore managers’ opinions on planning and design of location, building type, spatial layout, and interior design of adult day care centers (ADCCs). Background: The planning and design of new ADCCs affect subsequent service users and workflows. Studies explore the factors affecting such planning and design using qualitative methods and from the perspective of users. Quantitative methods are rarely employed to explore factors affecting planning and opinions on the design of ADCCs from administrators’ perspective. Methods: Stratified sampling was used to collect data from managers of ADCCs in Taiwan. A mixed-method approach with an analytic hierarchy process was used to quantify the relative importance of factors affecting location and building type selections. Participants responded to open-ended interview questions followed by focus group interviews to examine the key points for spatial layout and interior design. Results: The managers deemed support and attitudes from local residents (group weight =.208) and authorities (group weight =.187) as their first two critical location selection criteria. Regarding their opinions on the conditions of building type, those that prioritized the products and technologies of facility design were deemed the most critical (group weight =.193), followed by those that valued daylight quality (group weight =.161). Six key points of spatial layout and interior design were obtained from the focus group interviews. Conclusions: This study provides a reference for the effective planning of operations, including geographical location, building type, spatial layout, and interior refurbishment and design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-109
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Environments Research and Design Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • analytic hierarchy process
  • day care
  • design
  • long-term care facilities
  • planning


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