Experience of a smoking cessation program among high school students in Taiwan

Chi Ping Chang, Ting Ting Lee*, Mary Etta Mills

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In Taiwan, the prevalence of smoking among teenagers has led to a required smoking cessation program in schools. Students caught smoking in school are required to participate in a weekly smoking cessation class. The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of high school students in a smoking cessation program. Fifteen adolescents participated in a one-on-one in-depth semistructured interview, and the content was analyzed for patterns based on the methods of Miles and Huberman. In addition, Lewin's change theory of drive forces and restraining forces was used to describe the change in behavior as a result of the program. Five major themes were identified: the onset of smoking-change influenced by families and friends; intention to quit smokingVdriving force; the irresistible temptation to smokeVrestraining force; limited change effectsVmore attention and assistance needed; and change in attitude rather than behaviorVsmoking remained unchanged. Changes were seen in the perceptions and attitudes of these students toward smoking at the end of the program; however, none of them were able to really quit. Most participants revealed that they used improper means to pass the carbon monoxide test requirement that was used as ameasure of not smoking. Alternative future intervention strategies for further study include change in health policy to support nicotine replacement methods for heavy adolescent smoker, use of teacher support, and exercise programs to support students going through the smoking cessation period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Addictions Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014


  • Change theory
  • High school students
  • Interviews
  • Smoking behavior
  • Smoking cessation
  • Smoking interventions


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