Evidence of transmission of hepatitis B virus to spouses from sequence analysis of the viral genome

Teh Ia Huo, Jaw Ching Wu*, Yi Hsiang Huang, Ueng Cheng Yang, I. Jane Sheen, Full Young Chang, Shou Dong Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heterosexual contact is one of the common routes of transmission for hepatitis B virus (HBV) among adults in Taiwan, but only a few studies have provided direct evidence at the level of the HBV genome of infected couples with acute non-fulminant hepatitis to document a common source. By cloning and sequencing polymerase chain reaction-amplified HBV-DNA, we analysed the sequences of the conserved region of the surface gene (nucleotide (nt) 305- 513, representing 6.5% of the viral genome) of HBV in five HBV-infected index patients, their spouses and four randomly selected HBV carriers as controls. Risk factors associated with acute HBV infection in index cases were sexual contact with their spouses within 3 months before the onset of hepatitis. For all five couples, the HBV-infected index patient and the spouse shared a 100% sequence homology of HBV-DNA. In contrast, there was significantly more variation (mean heterogeneity 6.1%, range 1-13.9%) in the amplified region between the five couples and between each couple and the controls (P< 0.001). This study demonstrated that sequence analyses can correlate well with epidemiological findings and confirm the value of the molecular approach for linked infections of HBV through heterosexual contact between spouses. Susceptible adults should receive vaccination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1142
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Nucleotide
  • Sequence analysis
  • Sexual transmission

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