Evaluation of the potential denture covering area in buccal shelf with intraoral scanner

Worachate Romalee, Matana Kettratad, Tran Thi Ngoc Trang, Ding Han Wang, Jia En Chen, Ming-Lun Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background/purpose: The characteristic of soft tissue changes in buccal shelf area during function is unclear. This study aimed for evaluating the potential denture covering area in buccal shelf area in different ranges of mouth opening by a digital approach. Materials and methods: Nineteen qualified dentate participants were enrolled. An intraoral scanner was used to record soft tissue in buccal shelf area in different ranges of mandibular opening, which were maximum intercuspation, 10 mm, 20 mm, and 30 mm of interincisal distance. The experiment was performed by two examiners. The common area of each range was generated within the clinically acceptable denture adaptation range, which was represented as the potential denture covering area. Data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistic, one-way repeated measure ANOVA, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and the Pearson correlation test. Results: Trends of the mean distance of the potential denture covering area increased from the frenum area to the second premolar and the first molar area then decreased in the second molar area, along with the ranges of mouth opening increased. The distance in the second molar area had drastic percentage changes during the mouth opening. The mean distances changed significantly when the mouth opening increased (P < 0.001). All ICC values of intra-, inter-rater reliability indicated good to excellent reliability. The correlation between the results from two examiners was strong (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The characteristic of the denture covering area posteriorly to the first molar area is inversely proportional in length to ranges of mouth opening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1341
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Buccal shelf
  • Denture base adaptation
  • Dentures
  • Intraoral scan


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