Error properties of stadia measurements with incomplete intercept

Tian-Yuan Shih*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The error properties of the stadia measurement with incomplete-intercept readings were analyzed in this study. Several numerical experiments were also conducted. Finally, a comparison was made on the magnitude of the stochastic error propagated with the error introduced via the nonrigorous functional model for incomplete-intercept readings. This comparison has provided an opportunity to compare the significance of functional-error with stochastic-error components, The identified functional error can be easily removed; meanwhile, the stoehasticerror component of measurement is valuable for the documentation of surveying quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-117
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surveying Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1995


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