Background: The epidemiological characteristics of sudden death may vary according to ethnicity and country. This study aimed to analyze the distribution of sudden deaths in Taiwan, as well as their epidemiological characteristics and the associated meteorological factors. Methods: The Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort is a longitudinal study conducted in a community in Taipei County since July 1990. A total of 3,602 individuals aged 35 years and older were included in the study. Sudden deaths were prospectively recorded and analyzed. Results: Eighty-two (68.3% men) sudden deaths (8.56% of all deaths) were reported from July 1990 to December 2008, of which 87.8% were caused by cardiovascular disease. However, only 36.6% were attributed to coronary artery disease. There was a higher incidence of sudden death in the winter [incidence rate ratio (IRR): 1.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.42-2.56], compared to fall, and the highest peak of sudden death occurred between 16:00-20:00 (IRR: 3.00, 95% CI: 1.72-5.22) compared to 00:00-04:00 as the reference group. Additionally, a relatively higher mean temperature was associated with a lower risk of sudden death (IRR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.93-0.98). On the other hand, higher humidity (IRR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.02-1.16) and discomfort index (IRR: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.003-1.05) were associated with increased risks of sudden death. Conclusions: Meteorological factors and circadian patterns were associated with sudden death among our Taiwanese cohort. Our study findings may support potential protective behavior for sudden death via weather forecasting.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Acta Cardiologica Sinica|
|State||Published - Jan 2023|
- Cardiovascular risk
- Sudden death