Enterohepatic Circulation and Pharmacokinetics of Genistin and Genistein in Rats

Ya Yu Yang, Tung Hu Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genistin and its aglycone genistein of isoflavone are naturally occurring in plants. The aim of this study is to develop an experimental animal model of enterohepatic circulation to investigate the metabolic biotransformation of genistin and genistein in rats. A paired-rat model was developed in which the drug was administered intravenously to the donor rat whose bile duct was cannulated into the duodenum of the untreated recipient rat. The blood sample was collected from the jugular vein of the donor and recipient rats after genistin administration. The results demonstrate that genistein was detected in both the donor and recipient rats after genistein administration (50 mg/kg, iv) in the donor rat, which suggested that the enterohepatic circulation of genistein occurred. The same phenomenon happened again in the biotransformation after genistin administration (50 mg/kg, iv) in the donor rat. Genistein was detected in the recipient rat's blood sample after treatment with β-glucuronidase, which suggested that enzymatic hydrolysis occurred in the transformation of genistin into genistein. In conclusion, the research revealed the metabolic pathway of the glucuronidation of genistin into genistein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18428-18433
Number of pages6
JournalACS Omega
Volume4
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Nov 2019

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