Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been envisioned as a useful component of fifth generation (5G) mobile networks. As imperfect channel state information (CSI) due to channel estimation errors poses problems for most wireless receivers, it presents even greater challenges in successive interference cancellation (SIC) reception of NOMA signals. We present a novel approach to the multi-user detection problem by exploiting the important constraints of forward error correction (FEC) code word. We devise our new receiver based on the minimum output energy (MOE) criterion while preserving a distortionless response to the user equipment (UE) of interest. In particular, we efficiently adopt the UE signatures presented by the FEC channel codes under distinct permutations to separate desired signals of interest from interfering UEs. We formulate our receiver optimization into a quadratic-programming problem anchored with a set of code constraints. Our simulations demonstrate that the proposed code-anchored quadratic programming (CQP) receiver can accurately improve SIC performance and provide robustness to CSI errors better than other legacy schemes.
- code-anchored quadratic programming (CQP)
- FEC code signature