Enhanced Receiver Based on FEC Code Constraints for Uplink NOMA with Imperfect CSI

Pei Rong Li, Zhi Ding, Kai Ten Feng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been envisioned as a useful component of fifth generation (5G) mobile networks. As imperfect channel state information (CSI) due to channel estimation errors poses problems for most wireless receivers, it presents even greater challenges in successive interference cancellation (SIC) reception of NOMA signals. We present a novel approach to the multi-user detection problem by exploiting the important constraints of forward error correction (FEC) code word. We devise our new receiver based on the minimum output energy (MOE) criterion while preserving a distortionless response to the user equipment (UE) of interest. In particular, we efficiently adopt the UE signatures presented by the FEC channel codes under distinct permutations to separate desired signals of interest from interfering UEs. We formulate our receiver optimization into a quadratic-programming problem anchored with a set of code constraints. Our simulations demonstrate that the proposed code-anchored quadratic programming (CQP) receiver can accurately improve SIC performance and provide robustness to CSI errors better than other legacy schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8771371
Pages (from-to)4790-4802
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2019


  • code-anchored quadratic programming (CQP)
  • FEC code signature
  • NOMA


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