Energy-efficient placement and sleep control of relay nodes in heterogeneous small cell networks

Chun-Cheng Lin, Der Jiunn Deng*, Shun Yu Jhong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Small cell (SC) provides low-power radio access with a relatively smaller coverage range than a macrocell. It has been regarded as a key solution for offloading traffic in the future 5G system. Previous works on energy-efficient placement of base stations (BSs) in cellular networks introduced placement and sleep control of low-power relay stations (RSs) to reduce the total power consumption for downlink transmission from BSs to users. As compared with legacy RSs, SC can serve as an RS with a larger coverage range though consuming a bit more circuit power. Hence, this work additionally considers to deploy small cells (SCs) in a one-dimensional highway cellular network with BSs and legacy RSs, and further models the power consumption minimization problem for placement and sleep control of legacy RSs and SCs in this network. Since the problem is hard to be solved analytically, a genetic algorithm with dynamic operator-selection mechanism is further proposed to resolve this problem. Performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated via simulation with a practical experimental parameter setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-608
Number of pages16
JournalWireless Networks
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Optimization
  • Relay node placement
  • Sleep control
  • Small cell network


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