Electronic structure and magnetic anisotropies in orthorhombic multiferroic YMnO3 thin films

C. C. Hsieh, T. H. Lin, H. C. Shih, Jiunn-Yuan Lin, C. H. Hsu, Chih-Wei Luo, Kaung-Hsiung Wu, T. M. Uen, Jenh-Yih Juang

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6 Scopus citations


Thermodynamically YMnO3 (YMO) can only exist with hexagonal structure at ambient conditions. In this study, we demonstrate that the stain between film and substrate can play an important role in forming orthorhombic YMO (o-YMO). o-YMO films with nearly perfect crystallographic orientation alignment were obtained on LaAlO3(110) substrates. These films allow us to unambiguously disclose the intrinsic magnetic property and electronic structure anisotropies along different crystallographic orientations. The antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase transition was around 42 K. Moreover, we observed a signature of spin reordering at lower temperatures when the applied field was parallel to the a- or c-axis. On the other hand, only the AFM transition was observed when the field is parallel to the b-axis. By comparing the X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) results to standard manganese oxides, YMnO 3 exhibits the dominant Mn+3 characteristics as that obtained from the standard Mn2O3 powder. The polarization dependent XAS also revealed anisotropic bonding behavior along each crystalline axis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042062
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number4
StatePublished - 6 Aug 2008


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