Efficient Multiple Exciton Generation in Monolayer MoS2

Ashish Soni, Dushyant Kushavah, Li Syuan Lu, Wen Hao Chang, Suman Kalyan Pal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Utilization of the excess energy of photoexcitation that is otherwise lost as thermal effects can improve the efficiency of next-generation light-harvesting devices. Multiple exciton generation (MEG) in semiconducting materials yields two or more excitons by absorbing a single high-energy photon, which can break the Shockley-Queisser limit for the conversion efficiency of photovoltaic devices. Recently, monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have emerged as promising light-harvesting materials because of their high absorption coefficient. Here, we report efficient MEGs with low threshold energy and high (86%) efficiency in a van der Waals (vdW) layered material, MoS2. Through different experimental approaches, we demonstrate the signature of exciton multiplication and discuss the possible origin of decisive MEG in monolayer MoS2. Our results reveal that vdW-layered materials could be a potential candidate for developing mechanically flexible and highly efficient next-generation solar cells and photodetectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2965-2972
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2023


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