Effects of repetitive hyperbaric oxygen therapy on neuroprotection in middle cerebral artery occlusion rats

Heng Chih Chang, Yea Ru Yang, Ray Yau Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been suggested as a possible therapy for brain injury. However, the effects of HBO after transient brain ischemia are inconsistent and the underlying mechanisms are not fully known. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of repetitive HBO intervention in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) animal model. Seventy-two Sprague-Dawley rats received MCAO and were randomly assigned to normal air control or HBO intervention groups. Each group was divided into 3 subgroups according to the intervention time period (7, 14, and 21 days). HBO was started 24 h post-MCAO for 1 h/day at 3.0 ATA with no-air breaks. After the final intervention, half of the rats in each subgroup were sacrificed and the right motor cortex was removed to examine levels of Akt phosphorylation and glutathione (GSH), as well as glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and reductase (GR) activity. The other half of the rats were used to examine infarct volume. At 24 h post-MCAO and the end of the final intervention, rats underwent tests to examine motor performance. We noted that 14- and 21-day HBO interventions significantly reduced infarct volume and increased Akt phosphorylation and GSH levels and GPx and GR activity. Motor performance was also significantly improved after 14- and 21-day interventions. No significant differences were observed between the controls and 7-day intervention groups. Repetitive HBO intervention starting 24 h post-MCAO and applied for at least 14 days, provided neuroprotective effects through modulating the cell survival pathway and antioxidative defense system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147097
JournalBrain Research
Volume1748
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • And infarct volume
  • Hyperbaric oxygen intervention
  • Middle cerebral artery occlusion
  • Motor behavior
  • Oxidative defense

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