Effects of incomplete ionization of impurities in poly-Si gate and band gap narrowing on direct tunneling gate leakage current

Hiroshi Watanabe*, Shin Ichi Takagi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article the ionization rate of phosphorus doped in poly-Si gate and band gap narrowing caused by carrier-carrier interactions and carrier-ion interactions are self-consistently calculated by using a simple algorithm that is formulated phenomenologically. As a result, the ionization rate is found to be unity when the phosphorus concentration is less than 3 × 1019cm-3, and becomes lower rapidly with the increase of the concentration larger than 3 × 1019cm-3. Using this result, in a wide oxide voltage region, we can reproduce the oxide voltage dependence of the measured tunneling current from the gate in various samples (tOX=2.1, 2.8, and 3.4 nm) with the same tunneling mass (mOX=0.42m0), where m0 is the free electron mass. In particular, we show why the incomplete ionization can reproduce the tunneling current from the gate even in a lower oxide voltage region where the complete ionization cannot do so. Furthermore, a local band gap narrowing, which is described by an additional band gap narrowing due to exchange-correlation interactions of carriers induced by a local potential, is included in the present calculation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1600-1607
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2001

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