Effects of caffeine treatment on hepatopulmonary syndrome in biliary cirrhotic rats

Ching Chih Chang, Chiao Lin Chuang, Ming Hung Tsai, I. Fang Hsin, Shao Jung Hsu, Hui Chun Huang*, Fa Yauh Lee, Shou Dong Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a lethal complication of cirrhosis characterized by hypoxia and overt intrapulmonary shunting. In this study, we investigated the effect of caffeine in rats with common bile duct ligation (CBDL)-induced liver cirrhosis and HPS. CBDL rats were randomly allocated to receive caffeine or vehicle for 14 days. On the 28th day after CBDL, mortality rate, hemodynamics, liver, and renal biochemistry parameters and arterial blood gas analysis were evaluated. Lung and liver were dissected for the evaluation of inflammation, angiogenesis and protein expressions. In another series with parallel groups, the intrapulmonary shunting was determined. Caffeine significantly reduced portal pressure (caffeine vs. control: 10.0 ± 3.7 vs. 17.0 ± 8.1 mmHg, p < 0.05) in CBDL rats. The mortality rate, mean arterial pressure, biochemistry data and hypoxia were similar between caffeine-treated and control groups. Caffeine alleviated liver fibrosis and intrahepatic angiogenesis but intrapulmonary inflammation and angiogenesis were not ameliorated. The hepatic VEGF/Rho-A protein expressions were down-regulated but the pulmonary inflammationand angiogenesis-related protein expressions were not significantly altered by caffeine. Caffeine did not reduce the intrapulmonary shunting, either. Caffeine has been shown to significantly improve liver fibrosis, intrahepatic angiogenesis and portal hypertension in cirrhotic rats, however, it does not ameliorate HPS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1566
JournalInternational Journal Of Molecular Sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Caffeine
  • Hepatopulmonary syndrome
  • Liver cirrhosis


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