Effects of a multicomponent exercise on dual-task performance and executive function among older adults

Ray Yau Wang, Yuan Li Wang, Fang Yu Cheng, Yuan Hung Chao, Chien Liang Chen, Yea Ru Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous studies showed that multicomponent exercise enhanced physical and cognitive functions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a multicomponent exercise on dual-task performance and executive function and to demonstrate the relationship between improvement in dual-task performance and enhancement in executive function among the elderly. Methods: A total of 27 people completed the intervention, with 16 in the experimental group and 11 in the control group. The 12-week multicomponent exercise lasted 1 h per day and 3 days per week. Participants’ gait performance was assessed in dual-task conditions and executive function was examined at both pre- and post-intervention. Results: Results showed significant interaction effects of time x group on all selected gait parameters in both dual-task conditions and the Executive Interview. Compared with the control group, the experimental group showed greater improvements in most measures following intervention. Improved dual-task performance was correlated with enhanced executive function (r = 0.46–0.75). Conclusion: Our results suggested that a multicomponent exercise positively affects dual-task performance and executive function in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gerontology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Dual-task
  • Executive function
  • Exercise
  • Gait
  • Older adults

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