Effectiveness of stress management in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate

Li Pin Chiu, Heng Hsin Tung, Kuan Chia Lin, Yu Wei Lai, Yi Chun Chiu, Saint Shiou Sheng Chen*, Allen W. Chiu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: To assess the utilization of stress management in relieving anxiety and pain among patients who undergo transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy of the prostate. Methods: Eighty-two patients admitted to a community hospital for a TRUS biopsy of the prostate participated in this case-controlled study. They were divided into an experimental group that was provided with stress management and a control group that received only routine nursing care. Stress management included music therapy and one-on-one simulation education. Before and after the TRUS biopsy, the patients’ state-anxiety inventory score, pain visual analogue scale (VAS), respiratory rate, heart rate, and blood pressure were obtained. Results: There were no differences in baseline and disease characteristics between the two groups. The VAS in both groups increased after the TRUS biopsy, but the difference in pre- and postbiopsy VAS scores was significantly lower in the experimental group (P=0.03). Patients in both groups experienced mild anxiety before and after the biopsy, but those in the experimental group displayed a significantly greater decrease in postbiopsy state-anxiety inventory score compared to the control group (P=0.02). Conclusion: Stress management can alleviate anxiety and pain in patients who received a TRUS biopsy of the prostate under local anesthesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalPatient Preference and Adherence
StatePublished - 11 Feb 2016


  • Anxiety
  • Pain
  • Stress management
  • Transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate


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