Effectiveness of betadine-coating gastrostomy tube to reduce peristomal infection after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: a randomized controlled trial

Yu Jen Chen, Ming Chih Hou*, Tsung Chieh Yang, Pei Chang Lee, Yen Po Wang, Yi Hsiang Huang, Fa Yauh Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Peristomal wound infection is a common complication in patients receiving percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). The main reason for peristomal infection might be the oral microbes coating the gastrostomy tube during implantation. Povidone-iodine solution can be applied for skin and oral decontamination. We designed a randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of a Betadine® (povidone-iodine) coated gastrostomy tube to reduce peristomal infection after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. Methods: A total of 50 patients were randomized to Betadine and control groups (25 patients in each group) from April 2014 to August 2021 at a tertiary medical center. All patients received the pull method for PEG implantation using a 24-french gastrostomy tube. The primary endpoint was peristomal wound infection rate 2 weeks after the procedure. Results: Changes in Neutrophil/Lymphocyte ratio (N/L ratio) and C-Reative protein (Delta CRP) at 24 h after PEG were higher in the control group than in the Betadine group (N/L ratio, 3.1 vs. 1.2, p = 0.047; CRP, 2.68 vs.1.16, p = 0.009). The two groups did not differ in post-PEG fever, peristomal infection, pneumonia, or all-cause infection. Delta CRP could predict peristomal infection and all-cause infection within 2 weeks (AUROC 0.712 vs. 0.748; p = 0.039 vs. 0.008). The best cut-off-point of Delta CRP for the diagnosis of peristomal wound infection was 3 mg/dl. Conclusion: The betadine coating gastrostomy tube method could not reduce peristomal infection after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy. CRP elevation of less than 3 mg/dl may be used to exclude the potential peristomal wound infection. Trial registration: NCT04249570 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04249570).

Original languageEnglish
Article number155
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)
  • Peristomal wound infection
  • Povidone-iodine

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