Effectiveness of a self-efficacy program for persons with diabetes: A randomized controlled trial

Shu Fang Vivienne Wu*, Mei Chen Lee, Shu Yuan Liang, Yu Ying Lu, Tsae Jyy Wang, Heng Hsin Tung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a self-efficacy program for persons with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. A randomized controlled trial was designed (n=145), with 72 participants in the intervention group and 73 in the control group. The participants were pretested to establish a baseline and then post-tests were undertaken 3 and 6months after the baseline data were collected. The participants in the intervention group received the standard diabetes education program and an additional self-efficacy program. The scores for efficacy expectations, outcome expectations, and self-care activities had significantly increased in the intervention group at the 3 and 6month follow-ups, when compared to those of the control group. A smaller proportion of the participants in the intervention group had been hospitalized or had visited an emergency room than in the control group at the 6month follow-up. This study revealed that a self-efficacy program for diabetes was acceptable and effective in the short term in the self-management of persons with type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Nursing interventions
  • Self-care behavior
  • Self-efficacy

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