Effect of Primary Tumor Location on Postmetastasectomy Survival in Patients with Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastasis

Tien Hua Chen, Wei Shone Chen, Jeng Kai Jiang, Shung Haur Yang, Huann Sheng Wang, Shih Ching Chang, Yuan Tzu Lan, Chun Chi Lin, Hung Hsin Lin, Sheng Chieh Huang, Hou Hsuan Cheng, Gar Yang Chau, Cheng Yuan Hsia, Hao Jan Lei, Shu Cheng Chou, Yee Chao, Hao Wei Teng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The effects of primary tumor location on colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) and post-hepatic-metastasectomy overall survival (OS) are controversial. This study evaluated the difference in post-hepatic-metastasectomy OS among right-sided colon, left-sided colon, and rectal cancer groups. Methods: In total, 381 patients who underwent curative-intent CRLM resection were enrolled. Patients were grouped based on the primary tumor location (right-sided, left-sided, and rectum). The Kaplan–Meier analysis and log-rank test were performed for survival analysis. The univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical and pathological factors were performed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Significant OS difference was noted among the three groups (log-rank, p = 0.014). The multivariate analysis revealed a 32% lower death risk in left-sided colon cancer compared with right-sided colon cancer (hazard ratio [HR] 0.68, p = 0.042), whereas no OS difference was noted between the rectal cancer and right-sided colon cancer groups. The left- versus right-sided OS advantage was noted only in the KRAS wild-type subgroup (HR 0.46, p = 0.002), and a rectal versus right-sided OS disadvantage was noted in the KRAS mutant subgroup (HR 1.78, p = 0.03). Conclusions: The CRLM post-hepatic-metastasectomy OS was superior in left-sided colon cancer than in right-sided colon cancer and was similar in rectal and right-sided colon cancer. The OS difference in different primary tumor locations is dependent on KRAS mutation status, with a decreased left- versus right-sided death risk noted only in KRAS wild-type colon cancer and an increased rectal versus right-sided death risk noted only in KRAS mutant colon cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-661
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • BRAF protein
  • Colorectal neoplasms
  • KRAS protein
  • Neoplasm metastasis

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