Dung-Shen downregulates the synergistic apoptotic effects of angiotensin II plus Leu 27-IGF II on cardiomyoblasts

Ko Shih Chang, Nien Hung Lee, Wei Wen Kuo, Wei Syun Hu, Mu Hsin Chang, Fuu Jen Tsai, Kun Hsi Tsai, Yuh-Shyong Yang, Tung Sheng Chen, Chih Yang Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Insulin growth factor II (IGFII) is expressed after ischemic stress in pig hearts and after myocardial infarction in humans. However, its receptor (IGFIIR) cannot be found in normal adult hearts. Moreover, a mouse IGFII overexpression model showed a heart and kidney hypertrophy phenomenon similar to Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome in humans. The previous studies from our lab showed that an increase in AngII in H9c2 cells causes an elevation in IGFII and IGFIIR through MEK and JNK activation, leading toa rise in intracellular Ca2+ ions, activation of calcineurin by PLC-β3 via Gαq, insertion into mitochondrial membranes of BAD, and apoptosis via activation of caspases 9 and 3. Codonopsis pilosula (Dung-shen) has various uses in traditional Chinese medicine, including lowering blood pressure, and increasing red and white blood cell counts. Methods: The purpose of our study is to investigatewhether the addition of C. pilosula will attenuate the AngII plus Leu27-IGFII-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Results: From MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-tetrazolium bromide] results, it was revealed that AngII plus Leu27-IGFII significantly reduced cell viability, which was reversed by C. pilosula. Additionally, C. pilosula also reversed apoptosis (TUNEL staining) increased by AngII plus Leu27-IGFII. Up-regulation of caspase 3 by AngII plus Leu27-IGFII was attenuated by C. pilosula treatment, as shown in western blotting assay and immunofluorescence microscopy results. Conclusions: C. pilosula is able to suppress the apoptotic pathway enhanced by AngII plus Leu27-IGFII inmyocardial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalActa Cardiologica Sinica
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014


  • Angiotensin II
  • Apoptosis
  • Codonopsis pilosula
  • Leucine27-insulin like growth factor II
  • Mitochondrial outer membrane permeability


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