Dual-Hole Excitons Activated Photoelectrolysis in Neutral Solution

Sung Fu Hung, Zhi Zhong Chen, Chun Chih Chang, Chia Shuo Hsu, Ming Kang Tsai, Chia Cheng Kang, Hao Ming Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


II–VI semiconductors exhibit unique behaviors that can generate dual-holes (“heavy and light”), but the application in photocatalysis is still missing. Herein, an empirical utilization of light/heavy holes in a hybrid metal cluster-2D semiconductor nanoplatelets is reported. This hybrid material can boost the hole-transfer at the surface and suppress the recombination. Different roles are enacted by light-holes and heavy-holes, in which the light-holes with higher energy and mobility can facilitate the slow kinetics of water oxidation and further reduce the onset voltage, while the massive heavy-holes can increase the resulting photocurrent by about five times, achieving a photocurrent of 2 mA cm−2 at 1.23 V versus RHE under AM 1.5 G illumination in nonsacrificial neutral solution. These strategies can be the solutions for photoelectrolysis and be beneficial for sustainable development in solar conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1704047
Issue number14
StatePublished - 5 Apr 2018


  • cadmium selenide
  • light holes
  • nanoplatelets
  • photoelectrochemistry
  • photoelectrolysis


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