Disaster Laws and Management Authorities in Taiwan (1945–2019)

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Disaster is a continuous process in that its mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery all influence one another, and even the risk as well as the severity of the next disaster. To fully realize disaster management and its issues in Taiwan, this paper examines disaster laws and management authorities throughout the ROC rule beginning in 1945. According to this research, the history of disaster management in Taiwan can be divided into two periods. From 1945 to 1999, disaster effects were primarily handled by the executive power through local administrative regulations and presidential emergency decrees. These measures focused on response to an imminent disaster and recovery from damage already sustained, but they overlooked the important task of averting disasters. Since 2000 to the present, the legislature has actively passed and amended statutes to establish a national legal framework of disaster management and to address specific issues caused by major disasters. However, even after making legal reforms, fragmented authorities remain a problem for successful disaster management in Taiwan. This paper suggests that Taiwan needs an agency with sufficient power and resources to make long-term plans and coordinate intragovernmental efforts when facing disasters. In addition, it is important to increase the capacity of local governments to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters. By incorporating local knowledge and diverse opinions of the affected people, Taiwan may better reduce disaster risks and adapt to impacts according to specific social, cultural, and environmental contexts.
Translated title of the contribution臺灣災害法制與治理權責之發展變遷(1945-2019)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-283
Number of pages65
JournalNational Taiwan University Law Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2019


  • Disaster Management Authority
  • Cycle of Disaster Law
  • Disaster Prevention and Protection Organization and Mission
  • Disaster Prevention and Protection Act
  • Bottom-up Approach


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