Direct renin inhibition with aliskiren improves ischemia-induced neovasculogenesis in diabetic animals via the SDF-1 related mechanism

Ting Ting Chang, Tao Cheng Wu, Po Hsun Huang, Chih Pei Lin, Jia Shiong Chen, Liang Yu Lin, Shing Jong Lin, Jaw Wen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Aliskiren is a direct renin inhibitor which is suggested to modify proangiogenic cells in addition to lower blood pressure. Given that angiogenesis is impaired in the presence of diabetes mellitus, we would like to investigate whether and how aliskiren enhances endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and improves ischemic-induced neovasculogenesis by an effect independent of blood pressure reduction in diabetic animals. Methods Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were administered with either aliskiren (5 or 25 mg/kg/day) using an osmotic pump or hydralazine (2 or 10 mg/kg/day) given in drinking water for two weeks prior to a hind-limb ischemia surgery. Laser Doppler imaging and flow cytometry were used to evaluate the degree of neovasculogenesis and the circulating levels of EPCs, respectively. Results In streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, aliskiren enhanced the recovery of limb perfusion and capillary density, increased the number of circulating Sca-1+/Flk-1+ EPC-like cells, and elevated the levels of the plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α in a dose-dependent manner, whereas there were no such effects in hydralazine-treated mice. Intraperitoneal administration of anti-SDF-1 neutralizing monoclonal antibodies abolished the effects of aliskiren. Conclusions Independent of the reduction of blood pressure, aliskiren enhanced ischemia-induced neovasculogenesis in a dose-dependent manner via VEGF/SDF-1α related mechanisms in diabetic mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0136627
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2015

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Direct renin inhibition with aliskiren improves ischemia-induced neovasculogenesis in diabetic animals via the SDF-1 related mechanism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this