Diffusion of oxygen in superconducting YBa2Cu3O7- ceramic oxides

King-Ning Tu*, N. C. Yeh, S. I. Park, C. C. Tsuei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

210 Scopus citations


We have used in situ resistivity measurements to monitor the diffusion of oxygen in and out of the ceramic oxide YBa2Cu3O7-. The study of out-diffusion of oxygen was carried out by annealing the oxide in ambient helium at constant heating rates and at constant temperatures. The rate of out-diffusion of oxygen has been found to be independent of , and the resistivity changes linearly with time during isothermal anneals. Assuming that the rate of out-diffusion is surface reaction limited, we have determined a surface barrier of 1.7 eV. The study of in-diffusion of oxygen was performed by annealing the oxygen-deficient oxide (=0.38) in ambient oxygen. The in-diffusion rate was found to depend strongly on ; we have determined the activation energies of the process at =0.38 and =0 to be 0.5 eV and 1.3 eV, respectively. The diffusivity of oxygen for =0 has been determined to be D=0.035 exp(-1.3eV/kT) cm2/sec. Combining the kinetic data and published structural information, we have examined a vacancy mechanism and a twinning mechanism for anisotropic diffusion of oxygen in the CuO layer between the BaO layers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-314
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1989


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