Differentiation of apoptosis from necrosis by dynamic changes of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide fluorescence lifetime in live cells

Hsing Wen Wang*, Vladimir Gukassyan, Chien Tsun Chen, Yau Huei Wei, Han Wen Guo, Jia Sin Yu, Fu Jen Kao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct monitoring of cell death (i.e., apoptosis and necrosis) during or shortly after treatment is desirable in all cancer therapies to determine the outcome. Further differentiation of apoptosis from necrosis is crucial to optimize apoptosis-favored treatment protocols. We investigated the potential modality of using tissue intrinsic fluorescence chromophore, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), for cell death detection. We imaged the fluorescence lifetime changes of NADH before and after staurosporine (STS)-induced mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and hydrogen peroxide (H 2O 2)-induced necrosis, respectively, using two-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging in live HeLa cells and 143B osteosarcoma. Time-lapsed lifetime images were acquired at the same site of cells. In untreated cells, the average lifetime of NADH fluorescence was ∼1.3 ns. The NADH average fluorescence lifetime increased to ∼3.5 ns within 15 min after 1 μM STS treatment and gradually decreased thereafter. The NADH fluorescence intensity increased within 15 min. In contrast, no significant dynamic lifetime change was found in cells treated with 1 mM H 2O 2. Our findings suggest that monitoring the NADH fluorescence lifetime may be a valuable noninvasive tool to detect apoptosis and distinguish apoptosis from necrosis for the optimization of apoptosis-favored treatment protocols and other clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054011
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • apoptosis detection, noninvasive optic probe
  • nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide intrinsic florescence
  • treatment outcome
  • two-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging

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