Different sensing modes of fluoride and acetate based on a calix[4]arene with 25,27-bistriazolylmethylpyrenylacetamides

Hao Chih Hung, Yung Yu Chang, Liyang Luo, Chen Hsiung Hung, Wei-Guang Diau*, Wen-Sheng Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


25,27-Bis{1′-N-(1-pyrenyl)-aminocarbonylmethyl-1H-[1′,2′, 3′]tri-azolyl-4′-methoxy}-26,28-dihydroxycalix[4]arene, 4, is synthesized as a fluorescent chemosensor for the selective detection of both anions and ion pairs in MeCN. Sensor 4 uses bis-triazoles as ligands to bind a metal ion, bis-amides and bis-triazoles as the sites to recognize anions, and pyrenes as fluorophores. Among eight anions screened, chemosensor 4 showed a marked fluorescence change toward F-, H2PO 4- and AcO-, but 4 responded to each anion in a distinct way. In the presence of F- at low concentrations, the dynamic excimer emission of compound 4 at λmax 482 nm was quenched, but an emission at λmax 472 nm appeared at large doses of F-. A control compound 6 showed very similar red shifts in the UV-vis and excitation spectra as 4 did, and its 472 nm emission band grew as the fluoride doses increased. Thus, the growth of the 472 nm emission of 4 and 6 in the presence of excess F- may be because strong H-bonding interactions of amido protons with F- favoured the formation of pyrene dimers in the ground state with charge transfer characteristics. The addition of H2PO4-, unlike F-, to a solution of 4 showed an enhanced monomer emission but a decreased excimer emission (λmax 482 nm). Adding AcO- to 4 produced a systematic change from a dynamic excimer (λmax 482 nm) to λmax 472 nm but with very little change in the UV-vis spectrum. Time-resolved fluorescence measurements on compound 6 with F - and AcO- confirmed that the 472 nm emission band mainly came from static excimers for the former, but was partly from a dynamic excimer for the latter because it contained a growth component in the fluorescence decay traces. Without pre-treatment with an anion, chemosensor 4 showed recognition of only metal ions Cu2+, Hg2+ and Cr3+, but it became sensitive to Ag+ when it was pretreated with fluoride.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-379
Number of pages10
JournalPhotochemical and Photobiological Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014


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