Developmental Phenotypic and Transcriptomic Effects of Exposure to Nanomolar Levels of 4-Nonylphenol, Triclosan, and Triclocarban in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Jessica Phillips, Alex S. Haimbaugh, Camille Akemann, Jeremiah N. Shields, Chia Chen Wu, Danielle N. Meyer, Bridget B. Baker, Zoha Siddiqua, David K. Pitts, Tracie R. Baker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Triclosan, triclocarban and 4-nonylphenol are all chemicals of emerging concern found in a wide variety of consumer products that have exhibited a wide range of endocrine-disrupting effects and are present in increasing amounts in groundwater worldwide. Results of the present study indicate that exposure to these chemicals at critical developmental periods, whether long-term or short-term in duration, leads to significant mortality, morphologic, behavioral and transcriptomic effects in zebrafish (Danio rerio). These effects range from total mortality with either long-or short-term exposure at 100 and 1000 nM of triclosan, to abnormalities in uninflated swim bladder seen with long-term exposure to triclocarban and short-term exposure to 4-nonylphenol, and cardiac edema seen with short-term 4-nonylphenol exposure. Additionally, a significant number of genes involved in neurological and cardiovascular development were differentially expressed after the exposures, as well as lipid metabolism genes and metabolic pathways after exposure to each chemical. Such changes in behavior, gene expression, and pathway abnormalities caused by these three known endocrine disruptors have the potential to impact not only the local ecosystem, but human health as well.

Original languageEnglish
Article number53
JournalToxics
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • 4-nonylphenol
  • Aquatic environment
  • Danio rerio
  • Detergents
  • Development
  • Environmental toxicity
  • Ground water chemicals
  • Triclocarbon
  • Triclosan
  • Zebrafish

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