Development of a Smart Assistance System for Patients with Blepharoptosis

Ching Feng Lien, Pei Jung Wu, Lu Xun Liao, Seng Feng Jeng, Li Ren Chang, Yen Chun Lin, Bor-Shyh Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Blepharoptosis is defined as an abnormal low-lying upper eyelid margin in primary gaze. Without adequate management, the disease may cause amblyopia, strabismus, and astigmatism in children as well as constriction of the upper visual field, blurred vision, increased tearing, fatigue, and frontal headache in adults. In most cases of blepharoptosis, surgical intervention is the primary treatment. However, the risk of recurrence is high, and some complications may occur after the surgical intervention. Although ptosis crutches and magnetic eyelid devices have been reported to be beneficial for managing the disease, many disadvantages must be overcome. To avoid sequelae from the disease and to mitigate the discomfort and complications, this study proposes a novel assistance system. In this system, a controllable permanent electromagnet and a piece of iron sheet affixed to the paralytic upper eyelid were used for elevating the drooping eyelid according to the degree of the eyelid being opened or closed, as estimated by an optical probe. Finally, the performance of the proposed system in detecting eyelid actions and the effect of eyelid elevation were validated. The experimental results showed that the proposed system could effectively detect eyelid closing events and successfully, symmetrically, and synchronously elevate the drooping upper eyelid with a mean correction of 3.5 ± 0.4 mm (range, 2.7 - 4.0 mm) in 14 patients with unilateral blepharoptosis. The proposed system therefore may be applied to patients with unilateral blepharoptosis in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8862839
Pages (from-to)149273-149281
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 8 Oct 2019


  • Blepharoptosis
  • blink detection
  • eyelid elevation
  • magnetic device
  • ptosis
  • wearable assistance system


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