Development and initial testing of a time-related road safety analysis structure

Kun-Feng Wu*, Muhammad Nashir Ardiansyah, Paul P. Jovanis

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The increasing availability and implementation of in-vehicle data recorder (IVDR) technologies has resulted in an increased number of safety applications based on the behavior of drivers during actual driving. The objective of this study is to formulate a flexible framework for IVDR data analysis that has the capability to include roadway geometric attributes, driver characteristics, environmental factors and time-dependencies. This research uses the concept of a homogeneous trip segment (HTS), applied with a survival model to estimate the risk of an event occurrence (e.g. crash or warning from on-board monitoring system). The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) provided data from the Road Departure Crash Warning System Field Operational Test. The survival-based model allowed the assessment of event hazard for individual drivers on specific routes as well as individual drivers compared to their peers, while controlling for travel in different routes and under different conditions. The authors believe this capability offers opportunities to safety researchers that were not available from existing methods.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number102992
    JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
    Volume125
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2021

    Keywords

    • Behavioral-based safety
    • Crash risk modeling
    • In-vehicle data recorder (IVDR)
    • Time-varying coefficients
    • Time-varying effects

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