Development and validation of a Quality of Life Scale for elementary school students

Translated title of the contribution: Development and validation of a Quality of Life Scale for elementary school students

Chun Hsia Huang, Tze Fang Wang, Fu In Tang, I. Ju Chen, Shu Yu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Objective Emotional well-being affects the school performance of elementary school children. Quality of life (QoL) measurements are indicative of emotional well-being; however, the development of assessment tools suitable for measuring the QoL of elementary school children has received little attention and, therefore, the creation of reliable assessment tools for measuring QoL among this population is required. Method: We employed qualitative and quantitative research methods to develop and validate a QoL scale for elementary school children in Taiwan. We used cluster random sampling to recruit 711 fifth and sixth grade students, aged 10–12 years, from 14 elementary schools. Results: The scale comprised six factors (School function, Family function, Environmental life, Vitality for life, Learning ability, and Peer relationships) that explained 44% of the variance. The developed 21-item elementary school QoL (ESQoL) instrument had high internal consistency and satisfactory reliability and validity. Conclusions: The ESQoL instrument can facilitate the evaluation of factors associated with students’ emotional well-being. Additional studies using the ESQoL instrument are required to assess its applicability for evaluating relationships between QoL and school performance and other areas of student life.

Translated title of the contributionDevelopment and validation of a Quality of Life Scale for elementary school students
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-191
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Elementary school students
  • Instrumental study
  • Psychometric properties
  • Quality of life

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