Density-imbalance-eased LiDAR Point Cloud Upsampling via Feature Consistency Learning

Tso Yuan Chen, Ching Chun Hsiao, Ching Chun Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

3D point-cloud upsampling, a crucial perceptual module to help us understand the complex scene and object, aims to generate a high-resolution point cloud given a sparse point set. While considerable attention has been paid to single object point-cloud upsampling, literature on upsampling complex scenes has emerged slowly. Remarkably, few related works target LiDAR-based point clouds, which inherently have a density imbalance problem over distance. This paper proposed LiUpNet, a LiDAR-based point cloud upsampling network. Given a sparse and imbalanced point cloud of a natural and complex scene, LiUpNet extracts robust regional features and generates a uniformly distributed dense point cloud that preserves the fine-grained structural architecture. Specifically, in LiUpNet, an attentive and transformer-based feature extractor is applied to learn the detailed regional representation to model the underlying complex local structure. Also, a novel densityinvariant feature consistency loss is introduced to improve the robustness of the learned features against the sparsity changes. Finally, given the regional representations, we append a manifold-based upsampler to super-resolve the regional point clouds up to different scales according to the sparsity and implicitly regresses non-linear 3D scene surfaces. A more uniformly distributed and denser scene point cloud is then achieved with the scheme of dynamic regional upsampling rates. The experimental results on single-object and scene point-cloud upsampling show that LiUpNet outperforms related works qualitatively and quantitatively. Additionally, we demonstrate that the enhanced scene point clouds can efficiently improve the performance of downstream tasks such as point-cloud-based 3D object detection and depth completion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • 3D Reconstruction
  • 3D Representation
  • Autonomous Vehicle
  • Data mining
  • Feature extraction
  • Laser radar
  • Manifold-based Upsampling
  • Point Cloud
  • Point cloud compression
  • Task analysis
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • Transformers

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